To meet its energy needs, each country uses the energy available to it, in different proportions. This is what we call the energy mix. While it varies significantly from one country to another, globally fossil fuels account for over 80% of the energy mix.. The term energy mix refers to how final energy consumption in a given geographical region breaks down by primary energy source. It includes fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal), nuclear energy, waste and the many types of renewable energy (biomass, wind, geothermal, water and solar). These primary energy sources are used to generate electricity, provide fuel for transportation, and heat and cool residential and industrial buildings.
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